Seawater Circulation in Coastal Aquifers: Processes and Impacts

PI: Hanan Karam, MIT, PhD Candidate
Advisor: Charles Harvey, MIT
Funding: EPA Star Graduate Fellowship


Sub-estuarine Groundwater Discharge (SGD), Dissolved Nutrients and the Production of Benthic Microalgae

PIs: Rachel Stanley, WHOI
Evan Howard, WHOI
Funding: WHOI


Nitrogen Fluxes to Waquoit Bay via Groundwater Discharge: Identifying End Member Concentrations

meaganPI: Meagan Gonneea, MIT / WHOI Joint Program, PhD Candidate
Advisor: Matthew Charette, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Funding: NERRS Graduate Research Fellowship at Waquoit Bay NERR (current)

As groundwater flows to the coast, it meets and mixes with seawater. Mixing between these two water bodies creates a dynamic region-the coastal aquifer – where nutrients are chemically and biologically transformed. The fate of nutrients from development is a key issue in coastal areas like Cape Cod so understanding the processes in this area is of great importance.  The mixing zone beneath Waquoit Bay was monitored for three years to observe how it changes with different seasons and responds to climate events such as the 2009-10 El Nino.